Your last writing assignment will be a report to a decision-maker on a problem and solution
in an organization or community.
In the report, you will do the following:
? define the problem persuasively and accurately
? propose a solution or solutions to the problem or issue
? present that solution to a decision-maker or group of decision-makers who can implement
the recommendation.
The report will include the following components:
? executive summary
? letter to the decision-maker
? table of contents
? introduction
? body of the report to include headings and subheadings
? conclusion stated as a recommendation for implementation of the solution
? References page, with references listed in APA format
o Instructions on how to list an interview in APA format can be seen at the
following url: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/11/
The complete report should be 2200-3000 words, not including the list of references.
The complete report should also cite at least seven sources. At least three of them should
come from peer-reviewed, scholarly journals. As noted above, your sources can also include
interviews. The sources will be integrated into the paper to explain the problem, provide
evidence of the problem, and support the solution.
You might have taken WRTG 393 at UMUC. In WRTG 393, the final paper is a white paper.
This assignment is different from the white paper in WRTG 393. In this paper for WRTG 394,
you are writing to a specific decision-maker about a specific problem in your workplace or
community. The audience is much more focused than that for the white paper in WRTG 393.


In preparation for writing assignment #3, you have identified a problem or need in your
workplace or in your community for which you would like to recommend a solution.
Your next step is to write a proposal memo. The memo is to be read by a decision-maker or
group of decision-makers. This decision-maker or group of decision-makers will approve or turn
down the proposal based on the information in the memo.
For writing assignment #3, you will write the proposal memo. In this proposal memo, you
will seek approval to begin work on this project, which will include an investment of your time
to conduct primary and secondary research.
You goal in writing the memo is to receive formal permission from these decision-makers by
convincing them that, first, there is legitimate problem or need to be addressed and, second, that
there are reasonable recommendations and solutions that make sense for your company or
community organization.
? The introduction of the memo should clearly state that you are proposing to carry out a
study. The introduction should also make reference to any previous discussions you have
had about your plans with any individuals named in the memo’s header.
? The body of the memo should have the following information:
? the background of the problem or need
? the benefits to the company or community that will accrue by virtue of you doing this
? how you will conduct the study (methods and procedures; these are especially
important if you will doing any internal surveying, interviewing, or data collection)
? the amount of time you will need to invest in doing this work as well as any budget
or help you will need
? what you will deliver at the end of the process and when you will deliver it
? your qualifications and experience that will enable you to be successful in this
? The conclusion should contain the formal request for approval. It should also remind the
decision-makers of the benefits that will accrue due to your work.

Communication Inhibitors

Assignment 1
Communication Inhibitors
Please note that your final paper in WRTG 394 is a research-based report. The work you do for
this first writing assignment might lead to an excellent topic on which to write your final paper.
For this assignment, you are asked to collect real-life examples of barriers (inhibitors) to
communication that occur in your work or community environment. The examples of
communication barriers that you collect can be from documents, conversations (face-to-face or
digital), email messages, or meetings.
This assignment consists of four parts:
Part I:
Think about your work or community and come up with 3-4 real-life examples of barriers
(inhibitors) to written and verbal communication that occur in that environment. The
communication examples you come up with can be from documents, conversations (face-to-face
or digital), emails, or meetings.
Then write one or two detailed paragraphs of 100-125 words each in which you describe the
? your workplace or community setting you have chosen to analyze
? the communication barriers in that setting that you are describing
? other details you think might be relevant to the context
Various types of communication inhibitors, and examples of them, can be found in the four
articles that are available to you through eReserves. These communication barriers include but
are not limited to the following:
connotative meanings of words organizational barriers
personal censors and filters nonverbal barriers
noise (real and semantic) competitive barriers
audience expectations lack of writing purpose, organization, support or clarity
communication structure (or lack of) artificial voice
direction of communication forced collaboration
physical barriers faulty level of technicality
cultural barriers faulty level of formality
experiential barriers faulty direction
perceptual barriers poor timing
motivational barriers excessive subjectivity
emotional barriers linguistic barriers
Part II:
After you’ve collected at least 3-4 communication barriers and have identified the inhibitors they
represent, define the inhibitors in a bulleted list. The definition you provide should identify the
general characteristics of the inhibitor and how it works to impede communication. The
definitions should not mention your specific work environment.
Please consult the video on this assignment and the two sample student submissions to this
assignment in order to see a demonstration on how this part might be written.
Part III:
Analyze these 3-4 communication inhibitors as they apply to your workplace or community
environment. List them in a table with three columns:
? the communication example either as a direct quote or paraphrase
? the name of the inhibitor(s) at work in the sample
? a justification of your selection of the inhibitor(s)
Again, please consult the video on this assignment and the two sample student submissions
to this assignment in order to see a demonstration on how this part might be written.
Part IV:
Using a scale of 1 to 100 (with a score of 75 considered average), rank your organization’s
communication effectiveness. Justify and explain the score you award. Your justification
should be one to two paragraphs, about 175-250 words total.
Please continue to the next page for additional instructions.
Reading Material to Draw Upon for this Assignment:
For this assignment, you will want to draw on the following reading materials about
communication inhibitors in the eReserves area of LEO.
? “10 Barriers to Communication”
? “Communication Barriers”
? “Physical Barriers in Communication”
? “The Barriers to Effective Communication”
The items are available as eReserves in our class in LEO.
You can access the articles by taking the following steps:
? click Content
? select Class Resources
? select eReserves
? select the icon for eReserves in the middle of your page.
? in the list of items that appears, locate the articles and download them
Your text should be single-spaced.
The following page has a template to use in completing this assignment

Flow International – Business Profile

Resources: The Art and Science of Leadership, Ch. 4 & Ch. 6, Leadership Newsletter Article Template, and Phoenix Career Guidance System™ Milestone 7.8 Informational Interview
Select someone in a leadership position at your organization or at a local company where you might seek employment. This individual could be a director, manager, supervisor, or CEO of the organization.
View the video in the Phoenix Career Guidance System™ (Milestone 7.8-Do informational interviews) for tips on interviewing a potential employer through an investigative interview.Interview an individual who has a leadership role.

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word profile of the individual that you interviewed for your company’s newsletter, and include the following:Identify the individual and their position within the company, and briefly describe the organization.
Interpret the individual’s leadership style based on the Five-Factor personality model, and offer one or more examples of the management and leadership roles of this individual.
Explain one incident where this individual had to solve a difficult problem or situation because things did not go as planned.
Describe the lessons that she/he learned from being able to problem solve, even when what she/he had been taught did not work.Format your profile in the form of a newsletter (the final format may vary depending upon the company’s style; please feel free to use either the provided template or to check the Internet or Microsoft® Word for additional newsletter templates).?”If you can, please let me know and I will include the information needed for completion of the assignment.

Figurative Language – Essay

For this assignment, you’ll use the outline or graphic organizer you created in the prewriting assignment to create a full analysis of figurative language in a song of your choice.Topic: Analyze the use of figurative language in a song
• You’ll develop your essay from the outline or graphic organizer you wrote for your previous assignment. Don’t switch your topic; use your instructor’s feedback to refine your ideas and to write your essay.Purpose: To write a 1,200–1,500 word essay that analyzes the figurative language and literary devices in a song to show how those elements contribute to the song’s appeal to its audience.

Managerial Experience

Question 1.
Describe a time when you experienced a negative managerial situation. What steps did you take to remedy the situation?

Question 2.
Describe, from your personal experience, an example of a transformational Leader. Did you enjoy working for such a leader? Why, or why not?

Presidency Questions

1. How did technology change the power of the presidency? Is the current use of presidential executive power consistent with Article II of the U.S. Constitution? Why or why not? Be sure to use specific and relevant examples to support your answer.
2. How does our two party system work to protect our liberty?
3. What is James Madison’s prescription for controlling interest groups and the media? Do you agree with James Madison, why or why not?
4. What features of our elections preserve our liberty? What changes do you think should be made our current election and how would these changes enhance our liberty?
5. How did slavery impact the development of American Government?

Consultant-Interest Group

In this activity, you will be pretending to be a consultant for an interest group. You will be charged with helping that interest group better achieve its goals. Have fun and be creative with this activity!First, select an interest group from the following list that you will be consulting for (*you may only complete this assignment on one the listed interest groups):
1. Service Employees International Union
2. National Association of Realtors
3. US Chamber of Commerce
4. National Rifle Association
5. National Education Association
6. American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees
8. National Association of Broadcasters

Resource Leveling

1. Describe resource leveling, its objectives, and the basic techniques to perform it.
2. When resource-leveling a project, a number of heuristics can help us prioritize those activities that should receive resources first. Explain how each of the following heuristics works and give an example:
• Activities with the smallest slack
• Activities with the smallest duration
• Activities with the lowest identification number
• Activities with the most successor tasks
• Activities requiring the most resources

Questions I and II

Question 1. Suggest reasons why an organization would support projects that show a significant incremental profit over direct costs but are not profitable when costs are fully accounted for.
Question 2. Explain what must be identified in order to construct a network. What are the strengths and weaknesses of AOA and AON techniques?