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Unit IV Essay Organizational Culture

Unit IV Essay
Organizational culture involves many different details, including customer service, employee benefits, and hiring/termination processes. In this essay, you will further explain the role of organizational culture and its influences.
Within your essay, include the following points:
? What are the cultural influences on training and development?
Provide two examples. ?
Discuss the effects of cultural continuity and change on organizational succession planning. Provide two examples. ?
How do internal and external social media influence organizational culture? ?
Is social media the most effective way for employees to share knowledge? Explain.
Your essay must be a minimum of two full pages in length, not including the title and reference page. You are required to use a minimum of two outside sources; one must be from the CSU Online Library. All sources used, including the required reading assignments, must be cited and referenced according to APA standards.

Theories of Work Satisfaction

Write an essay (750-1,000 words) describing which psychological theories play key roles in determining employee job satisfaction. Include the following elements:
Compare and contrast the psychological theories to determine which one would be most effective in improving employee motivation.
Describe how you, as a manager, would measure these variables with respect to your employees.
As a manager, what steps would you take, other than economic steps, to improve employee satisfaction?
Write a clear, direct answer to each part of the assignment. You should include at least three to four scholarly resources in your research.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

Project 1 Organizational Theory

Project 1 Organizational Theory
BMGT 364 6983 Management and Organization Theory (2182)
Project 1 Organizational Theory Due Week 3
This project was designed to have you demonstrate an understanding of how the role organizational theory applies to management. Furthermore, the student will demonstrate this understanding by explaining the evolution of management theory and how it relates to the business environment through the use of a case scenario.
In week 1, you learned that Organizational Theory stemmed from various Schools of Thought with theorists who were categorized under the various Schools of Thought. The theorists proposed many different theories of management. In this assignment, you will use the article, History of Management Thought to determine the different School of Thought and the theorist who are depicted by the three women in the case scenario. You may research the various schools of thoughts and theorists identified in the Timeline under week 1 but everything you need is in the article, History of Management Thought, to answer the questions below making connections between the case scenario facts and the information in the article.
In answering the questions, it is necessary to explain why and how rather than making statements. Go beyond merely making statement without the support that explains the why and how to earn higher points for the assignment.
NOTE: All submitted work is to be your original work. You may not use any work from another student, the Internet or an online clearinghouse. You are expected to understand the Academic Dishonesty and Plagiarism Policy, and know that it is your responsibility to learn about instructor and general academic expectations with regard to proper citation of sources as specified in the APA Publication Manual, 6th Ed. (Students are held accountable for in-text citations and an associated reference list only).
Read critically and analyze the following scenario:
Geraldine Barney Garrett, the granddaughter of Wilford Barney took over the reins of the R&D department of Biotech Health and Life Products (Biotech) in 1965. She had trained at the hands of her grandmother Wilford’s mother, Maria. Geraldine was a strong manager and developed the Research and Development (R&D) lab from the advanced kitchen of her grandmother to the scientific lab of her peers. Geraldine’s management philosophy evolved over the years but she had several basic ideas that kept her grounded. Geraldine knew she had to answer to the family in every decision she made. Her grandmother stressed this point and she eventually came to agree. Therefore, decisions were made by her. She also realized that her employees had good ideas and talent but they did not bear the responsibility she did. So, although she consulted with the employees often, she never gave them the power to make important decisions.
Geraldine was charismatic in a motherly way and employees saw her as someone to learn from but career growth was unlikely so in five or six years employees moved on to another company. The unambitious stayed on and eventually Geraldine collected a small group of people she trusted and who became her team. Now, several of the team members are retiring like Geraldine leaving few left to the company.
When it comes to leading the entire R&D Division, Geraldine is very controlled in defining goals, setting tasks, and is outstanding at dividing the work among the employees, organizing the product materials and coordinating and communicating activities between the different departments. Decisions that Geraldine makes are always dependent on the circumstances and context of the decision. You often hear her instructing the young employees stating, “Always ask yourself, which method will work best here? Remember, you are always looking to find the simplest and most cost-effective solution.” When it comes to developing new products and innovating, Geraldine is much more open to other people’s input and ideas relying heavily on her team of experienced but older people. Still, the final decision remains in her hands.
Geraldine could see the need for changes in the lab, the most important of which was retaining younger employees. Since she was retiring at the end of the year, Geraldine knew the new department head would have to deal with the problem. Her immediate concern was who the new department head should be. Her own granddaughter, Melanie Malone, was now working in the company and she knew Melanie was expecting the job.
Melanie was qualified for the job. She was a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of the University of Maryland College Park with a double major in Botany and Food Science. She minored in Business Management. She had worked in the plant in Chicago every summer since High School and had reproduced and revised all her grandmother’s and great-great grandmother’s recipes. Starting full-time at 22 years of age Melanie got along with everyone in the department but at 27 Geraldine thought she may be too young to assume the position. Geraldine had hoped that she might mentor Melanie for a few more years and turn the reins over when she was 30, but health concerns made Geraldine shorten the plan.
Melanie was confident and competent in her work. She was passionate about keeping the business focused on its all-natural product line and developing ecofriendly packaging. She was detail oriented and the people on her team seemed to work well together. Geraldine noted that Melanie appeared to create functional teams well suited for the various types of tasks or projects. The teams invariably were always on time and productive. Although the group may change in terms of members depending on the task, the group was comprised of the longest standing members of R&D and also included Geraldine’s team from time to time.
Geraldine knew that Melanie feels strongly that the lab has to be updated to include the use of more sophisticated machinery and computers that would enhance the efficiency of the products being developed. Melanie also believes the update to technology will make the company more competitive. Melanie often tried to get Geraldine to agree to the revisions bringing in literature from various business journals to prove her point. “The business world is dynamic and requires people to adjust to the competition in a vigorous and active way. The lab needed the tools to make that happen.” Melanie argued. Melanie also told her grandmother that she had a lot of new ideas for oils and essences that only the new equipment would be able to test. Melanie was adamant that Biotech would lag behind the competitors especially in the new beauty line products if the company did not modernize.
Melanie liked to collaborate with the others but did not always take the lead. She often sat back and listened and at times deferred decisions to others whose opinion differed from her own. When Geraldine told Melanie, she would lose control of the group and maybe the project if she didn’t actively lead, Melanie only smiled and said “Nana you have to let the team unleash its potential, be creative or else they will leave and go somewhere that listens to them.” Melanie also was insistent on the idea of bringing in the labs and R&D people from the other branches on projects rather than having them pass along the ideas. In a conversation one day about a new project for Germany, Melanie pointed out to Geraldine, “That new products have to be customer driven, and our customers are from all over the world. We need to appreciate their needs and taste preferences. While we can come up with our own ideas of what the market should like that also means that the markets are biased by our own pallets and health needs. We now have to think globally. The changing marketplace means we have to listen to our customer and what they want.”
Geraldine was unsure of some of Melanie’s ideas on engaging others. She felt sure that Melanie may begin to empower people rather than maintain control over the decision making. When, Geraldine questioned Melanie about her concerns, Melanie replied “Nana, this company is like one big family and in order for it to keep running functionally, we have to be aware of all its parts, all the people who are important to keep it vital, and change with the times to keep the livelihood of the family intact. To do this and keep people wanting to be a part of the family, we have to create an environment that makes employees feel stable and safe in the family yet dynamic enough to stay relevant in the industry. We have to keep employees looking and moving forward.” Geraldine shrugged and said nothing but thought, “They are more likely to get off task.” Geraldine knew the company had a collaborative culture, and she often worked together with her family in a similar fashion, but managing a department this way…she was not too sure. That business school education may have put some ideas into Melanie’s head that might come back and haunt her.
The other logical candidate was Valerie Harper. Department Head of the new products team, Valerie at 35 was competent, and ran her team like Geraldine would. In an effort to get some idea of Valerie’s management philosophy Geraldine asked her one day, after witnessing a not terribly successful exchange with one of her team, “What do you believe is important in managing a team?” Valerie’s reply was, “I think it is important to retain the final responsibility for decision making. Everyone should have their own specialty, while answering to the common good. My order and discipline are important. It was like what Joe just did. I asked him to process the essential oils for this new candy bar we are working on for Italy. He is the best at doing so and he does this well but he just kept going on with the project adjusting the ingredient list to make what amounts to a completely new candy bar. He claimed the adjustment was needed to get the best flavor from the oils. However, it threw everything off for everyone else in the project. His efforts wasted time. I tried to be fair and listened to his reasoning, but he is making the others feel like they are wasting their time. There is one direction, which I set, and he should follow.” Geraldine was disturbed by this a little. One thing that seemed inconsistent with the episode with Joe was the fact that Valerie usually wants employees to take initiative even if they make mistakes. “Are you sure he just wasn’t taking the initiative to get things right with the flavor?” Geraldine asked. “I supposed you have a point,” Valerie replied, “but he should know that we must have unity of direction and what Joe needs to understand is that he is not to take over and interfere with the work of the others in the team.” Geraldine agreed with some of Valerie’s approach but had to wonder if Valerie overdid the idea of order. Her staff seemed to have a greater turnover than Melanie’s, which wastes a great deal of time and money in the long run than the time Joe spent trying to make the candy bar work.
One other thing that bothered Geraldine about Valerie was the lack of new ideas and creativity. Although Valerie could take ideas from others and execute them in a creative way, she did not have a lot of new ideas of her own. She never seemed to seek new ideas or even revamp old ones. Geraldine saw Valerie as talented and would keep the lab in its current state making only minor changes. Valerie often said to Geraldine, “If it isn’t broken why fix it?” Geraldine liked the idea of the lab being run the same way, but she wondered if the lack of ideas was reflective of a good department head. After all the head was always expected to have new ideas.

Instructions
Step 1: Write the Introduction
Create the Introductory Paragraph
The introductory paragraph is the first paragraph of the paper but is typically written after writing the body of the paper (Questions students responded to above). View this website to learn how to write an introductory paragraph:
http://www.writing.ucsb.edu/faculty/donelan/intro.html

Step 2: Answer the Following
• Identify from among Geraldine, Melanie or Valerie the woman who best represents the Classical Organizational School of Thought. (Hint: Look at the information provided for the different schools of thought and theorist and compare to the facts from the case scenario. Do not assume that older theories need to fit older people.)
• From among the following list of Classical School theorists select the one that best reflects the woman identified by you as the best fit to the Classical Organizational School of Thought and explain why: Henry Fayol, Lilian Gilbreth, Fredrick Taylor Adam Smith, Henry Towne and Max Weber.
• As stated in the facts Geraldine acknowledges four key areas that are of concern to her in her selection of a successor: updating the technology in the lab, retaining young employees, providing teams with strong leadership and encouraging new ideas. Which of the following three management theories would best fit Geraldine’s criteria as an ideal successor: Situational Theory, Fayol’s 14 Principles, or Modern Dynamic Engagement Theory? Identify which theory would best meet Geraldine’s concerns for the successor and why.
• Based on the management theory you selected, does Melanie’s management philosophy closely fit this theory? Why or why not?
• Based on the management theory you selected, does Valerie’s management philosophy closely fit this theory? Why or why not?
All answers to the questions above should closely use the facts within the case study along with class material to support any and all reasoning used to draw conclusions.

Step 3: Review the Paper
Read the paper to ensure all required elements are present. Use the grading rubric to ensure that you gain the most points possible for this assignment.
Proofread the paper for spelling and grammatical issues, and third person writing.
• Read the paper aloud as a first measure;
• Use the spell and grammar check in Word as a second measure;
• Have someone who has excellent English skills to proof the paper;
• Consider submitting the paper to the Effective Writing Center (EWC). The EWC will provide 4-6 areas that may need improvement.

Step 4: Submit the paper in the Assignment Folder (The assignment submitted to the Assignment Folder will be considered the student’s final product and therefore ready for grading by the instructor. It is incumbent upon the student to verify the assignment is the correct submission. No exceptions will be considered by the instructor).

How to Set Up the Paper
Create a Word or Rich Text Format (RTF) document that is single-spaced, with double spaces between paragraphs. Use 12-point font. The final product will be between 3 and 4 pages in length excluding the title page and reference page. Write clearly and concisely.
Use headings

Completing the Paper
In order to complete this project, you will want to first read the module, Learn How to Support What You Write, as this assignment requires you to use the course readings and research to support what you write. Also,
• Read the grading rubric for the project. Use the grading rubric while completing the project to ensure all requirements are met that will lead to the highest possible grade.
• Third person writing is required. Third person means that there are no words such as “I, me, my, we, or us” (first person writing), nor is there use of “you or your” (second person writing). If uncertain how to write in the third person, view this link: http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/grammar/first-second-and-third-person.
• Contractions are not used in business writing, so do not use them.
• Paraphrase and do not use direct quotation marks. Paraphrase means you do not use more than four consecutive words from a source document, but puts a passage from a source document into your own words and attribute the passage to the source document. Not using direct quotation marks means that there should be no passages with quotation marks and instead the source material is paraphrased as stated above. Provide the page or paragraph number (required) when using in-text citations. Note that a reference within a reference list cannot exist without an associated in-text citation and vice versa.
• You may not use books as source material.
• You are expected to use the facts from the case scenario paired with the weekly courses readings to develop the analysis and support the reasoning. The expectation is that you provide a robust use of the course readings. If any material is used from a source document, it must be cited and referenced. A reference within a reference list cannot exist without an associated in-text citation and vice versa.
• Use a wide array of the course reading as well as sources.

Personality Traits

Interview a professional in a field of your choice
Prepare by writing a minimum of 10 questions specific to how personality type and personality traits have played a role in the person’s job selection, professional successes, and professional challenges.
NOTE: You will include these questions in your paper, but the questions will not count as part of the word count.
Provide a brief summary of your interview in 250-500-words.
In 250-500 words, provide a brief rationale for the questions you wrote based on the personality theories found in the text and backed by scholarly research.
With consideration for validity and reliability, explain why the Big 5 model is receiving a lot of empirical support in 250-500 words.
There should be six to eight scholarly resources for your research.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.
From: Rubric – This gets me an (A)
1. Summary of interviewed professional is concise and well thought out.
2. Rationale for questions created for interview is clear and concise; makes connections to current research.
3. Explanation of empirical support for the Big 5 Model is clear and through; makes connections to current research.
4. Thesis and/or main claim is comprehensive; contained within the thesis is the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.
5. Clear and convincing argument that presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative.
6. Writer is clearly in command of standard, written academic English
7. All format elements are correct.
8. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.

Equal Opportunities

In 750-1,000 words, examine the following questions:Discuss how the EEOC determines issues based on protected classes and adverse impact.
Discuss what unethical practices an organization might conduct during the recruiting process to cause a possible lawsuit.
Find a real-world example of an employee suing an organization for recruitment practices. Do you believe the lawsuit was valid or not? Explain your rationale.
Answers must be clear, direct, and contain examples in support of the second answer and a citation in support of the third answer.Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.HERE IS THE RUBIC for a A paper,1. (Summary and evaluation of the questions are relevant and includes supporting examples. Clearly and comprehensively discusses employee litigation against employers, affirmative action, and the decision-making process in job acquisition.)2. Discussion of what unethical practices an organization might conduct during recruiting process to cause a possible lawsuit is concise and well-researched; makes connections to current research.)3. Example of employee suing an organization for recruitment practice and explanation of rationale of lawsuit validity is concise and through; makes connections to current research.)4.Thesis and/or main claim is comprehensive; contained within the thesis is the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.) 5.Clear and convincing argument that presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative.)Writer is clearly in command of standard, written academic English.)6. All format elements are correct.) and Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.).

Time Series

In general, short-term forecasts are more accurate than long-term forecasts. The same is true for forecasts where cyclical or seasonal factors are fairly well defined and repeatable.
?Describe the factors that influence the reliability of time-series forecasts.
?Evaluate the circumstances that would cause a time-series model to offer a fairly reliable forecast.
?Locate information about a company that uses one of the types of time-series models to forecast demand and describe both the organization and the type of product(s) that they use time-series models to forecast.
?Explain why the time-series model that is currently being used is the most reasonable model for the company to use or describe an alternate time-series model that would be more appropriate for the company to use.
?If you suggest a change in the time-series model being used by the company, predict how the company you have chosen will improve because of that specific time-series model. Support your discussion with relevant examples, research, and rationale.

ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS

In 500- words, detail the ethical standards and ethical violations you observed in research studies presented in Chapter 2. Include:
1. Explain if anything specifically could be changed to make the studies ethical for participants.
2. Would you be able to replicate this study today? Why or why not?
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is not required.

Important Metrics for Operations Managers

Overview: Based on the readings and your own independent research, this short paper will be used so you can explore the course content deeper and apply key concepts and theories learned in your readings.

Prompt: Develop a listing of what you believe are the most important metrics for operations managers. (Hint: Be sure to consider the triple bottom line.) How does each metric support the overall financial performance of the organization? What data would be used to support this metric and how would you ensure that the data are of sufficient quality? How does data analytics support your metrics? Be sure to fully explain your rationale for selecting these metrics.

Guidelines for Submission: Considering the concepts learned in this lesson and throughout the course, submit a short paper response to the above prompt. Your paper must be 2–3 pages in length, with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and at least three sources cited in APA format.

Instructor Feedback: This activity uses an integrated rubric in Blackboard. Students can view instructor feedback in the Grade Center. For more information, review these instructions.

Final Applied Lab Project

Final Applied Lab Project
Addresses course outcomes 1-4:• recognize and explain how the scientific method is used to solve problems
• make observations and discriminate between scientific and pseudoscientific explanations
• weigh evidence and make decisions based on strengths and limitations of scientific knowledge and the scientific method
• use knowledge of biological principles, the scientific method, and appropriate technologies to ask relevant questions, develop hypotheses, design and conduct experiments, interpret results, and draw conclusions.
Design an experiment in which you will test the effect of an acidic fluid on enzymatic activity. Recall: enzymes are proteins! To complete this project, it may be useful for you to first review the Scientific Method.
As you design your experiment for this project, please remember that you are trying to examine how an acidic fluid will modify the outcome of an enzymatic reaction. To successfully complete this project, you will need to identify the question(s) being asked in your experiment and the hypothesis that you are testing. In your experimental design, you must clearly explain what you are doing. That means that you will need to identify the enzyme, the substrate, the acidic fluid used as treatment, the control treatment and the method of measuring enzyme activity, as well as explain your experimental protocol. You must also thoroughly explain how the acidic fluid impacted enzyme activity based on the results from your own experiment as well as knowledge of enzymes and pH.Hint: Keep in mind that the acid will change the environmental conditions of the experiment (for example, a low pH value could change the shape of the active site on the enzyme protein), without directly participating in the reaction.Write a lab report that includes the following:1. Title page: descriptive title, your name, course name, semester—(I CAN DO THIS PART)2. Introduction: general background information about enzymes and specific information about your chosen enzyme, the question(s) that you are asking and a clear hypothesis for your experiment (20 points).3. Design an experiment. Provide a detailed description of the materials and methods used to conduct the experiment. Identify control and experimental samples, as well as independent and dependent variables. Also include the methods used for data collection and analysis (20 points).4. Conduct the experiment and record your results. Take picture(s) of your results. What did you observe? Present your data in table and/or graph format. Remember to label everything and include the unit of measure with all numbers (20 points)5. Use your knowledge of enzymes and pH to interpret and discuss your results. It may be necessary for you to refer to the OLI course modules, lab manual and/or use additional information resources. What effect does the acidic treatment have on enzyme activity? Did you get the expected results? Explain. (20 points)6. State a specific and accurate conclusion. Is your hypothesis supported by the results? Looking back, how could you have improved your experiment? (10 points)7. Include a list of references to all information sources used in APA format (5 points).

Leadership Questions

Question 1
How is your capstone project innovative for the organization you have chosen? Identify ways your capstone is forward-thinking but also appropriate for the “now” of the organization.
Question 2
Reflect on your experience mentoring and coaching throughout the Master of Science in Leadership program. Is your capstone project connected to mentorship or coaching? Are you able to apply mentorship or coaching skills directly or indirectly to the capstone project?